This interesting Botswana facts article is looking at one of the most fascinating countries in Africa.
Botswana officially called the Republic of Botswana and formerly known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, is located in the southern part of the continent. It is a landlocked country that borders South Africa to the south, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
Often described as a mystical country, Botswana never stops to charm you. It is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of it being the Kalahari Desert. It is also very popular for its diverse wildlife and different National Parks and offers famed destinations which include the Okavango Delta and the Kalahari Desert’s Tsodilo – a UNESCO World Heritage site, well-known for thousands of wonderful cave paintings.
In a world full of conflicts and wars, largely fueled by the presence of natural resources, present-day Botswana is one of the most peaceful nations in Africa and around the world.
It is a top producer of diamonds in the world, with the diamond business, in turn, turning the country into a prosperous one.
Botswana Facts: Safaris and Travel Destinations
A mobile safari to experience the vast open wilderness is perhaps the best of ‘Botswana facts.’ Botswana is one of the most romantic places in the world and is perfect for watching sunsets that burn across river deltas, salt pans and some of the world’s richest wildlife concentrations. Primarily, the weather and wildlife visibility determine the tourism seasons of Botswana. Botswana’s peak tourist season runs from August until the end of November. However, Botswana is by far the most expensive of all the safari destinations in Africa. Despite it being one of the smallest countries of Africa, it is one the top rated tourist destinations in Africa. Something worth pointing out is that the safaris in Botswana have a low impact on the environment, allowing you to leave only your footprints during your entire journey.
Botswana has the perfect environment for memorable safaris. Compared to other popular safari destinations like South Africa and Kenya, Botswana offers more wild animals and fewer observers. The Chobe National Park is one of the world’s most beautiful national parks. It is home to a wide variety of mammals and water birds. This national park is spread over an area of 4,100 square miles and is home to many big cats, elephants, and several species of fish.
The site Tsodilo in Kalahari Desert area is a world-famous destination for the lovers of Cave Paintings. This UNESCO World Heritage site offers about 4500 splendid cave paintings. The ‘Botswana Facts’ remains incomplete without a reference to this heritage site. The Kalahari Desert area includes the Khama Rhino Sanctuary. The sanctuary is home to both white and black rhinos.
Okavango Delta region is another top tourist attraction. With an area of about 1,900 square miles, the beautiful Moremi Wildlife Reserve is located on this superb river delta.
Makgadikgadi & Nxai Pan National Park is a popular destination for safari lovers. The national park consists of a dry basin area of 2,800 square miles. During the summer, you can spot numerous flamingos, zebras, and other wild animals.
With an area of over 100,000 acres, Mashatu Game Reserve is Botswana’s largest privately managed wildlife region. Here, one can enjoy watching a wide variety of wildlife and historical archaeological sites.
If you are a wildlife enthusiast, a nature lover or someone planning an exciting holiday, Botswana could be an ideal destination for you. The amazing natural treasures coupled with a wonderful nightlife will certainly leave a lasting impression on you.
Population, People, and Language
Botswana has a population of 2 million people. It is regarded as one of the most thinly populated countries in the world and is largely inhabited by English-speaking people, making it the country’s official language.
Setswana is, however, widely spoken across the country. Setswana or Tswana is a Bantu language, spoken by the country’s main ethnic group, the Tswana people. Other languages spoken in Botswana include Kalanga, Tshwa, Ndebele, Taa, and Afrikaans, in some parts.
Botswanans are largely educated people. Its adult literacy, as of 2008, is at 83%. The locals receive education about safeguarding nature and environment and are very aware of what their environment has to offer.
The pula, which literally means ‘rain’ in Setswana, is the currency of Botswana. It is one of the strongest currencies in Africa, having been introduced in 1976 to replace the use of the South African Rand in the country.
The pula currently exchanges at 9.46 to 1 USD.