Among other issues, South Africa as a nation tries to wriggle itself out from, is bribery and corruption but as this continues, a bribery survey conducted by the Ethics Institute of South Africa (EthicsSA)proves that south Africans spends most of their earnings on bribe.
The EthicsSA’s recently released report which was based on a survey of 6,400 people in four urban centres in South Africa (Limpopo, KZN, Gauteng and the Western Cape) across all income groups, outlined what South Africans are most likely to pay bribes for and how much people are willing to pay.
According to the report, while at least half sees bribery is simply a way of life, a large number of South Africans sees bribery as an unavoidable means through which one’s daily life in the country is linked to.
It revealed that 26% of the respondents indicated that they, or someone they knew, had been approached for a bribe in 2015 – and 75% indicated that they then went on to pay the actual bribe, showing that most people who are asked for a bribe end up paying it. Businesstech said.
The institute is however concerned by the alarming rate at which citizens are willing to give bribes. It says “If we think that ‘everybody is doing it’ it becomes easier for people to justify bribery to themselves,”
“There is a need to change the South African narrative on bribery – the truth is that the majority of South Africans still do get through everyday life without bribing.”
Meanwhile, in its survey, the institute revealed that the greatest reason why South Africans pay bribe is to avoid fines for traffic violation
It further noted that though the private is not left out in the ties as it is prone to some dodgy dealings, most bribes is connected with the public sector.
In the private sector, respondents say they bribe people to get special discounts or to turn a blind eye to questionable activity. The areas where South Africans engage in bribe include:
- Avoiding traffic fines (34%)
- Education/qualification bribes (3%)
- Getting access to social grants or pensions (2%)
- Getting illicit discounts from businesses (4%)
- Getting tenders (6%)
- Getting jobs (17%)
- Home Affairs (3%)
- Housing/land related bribes (2%)
- Avoiding police and criminal charges (4%)
- Getting a driver’s licence (13%)
- Other types of bribes (11%)
Areas where bribe is identified with the day to day activities of South Africans include:
- To avoid being arrested for drug possession or other crimes
- When people are busted for drunk driving
- To avoid having electricity or water cut off at home
- To speed up application and delivery of ID documents
- To avoid expulsion from school
- To get exam papers with a memo
Interestingly, some province have been noted to have a higher rate of bribes that the others and Limpopo ranks top list of places where bribes were most asked for while Western Cape tops the list of places where people were most likely to pay the bribe.
The report found that the most frequently paid bribe was R100, but the median amount was R1,000 – shooting to well over R100,000 in cases where getting a government tender is involved.
The Table Below details the average bribe paid in every category identified by the report:
|Social Grant/ Pension||
|Home Affairs||R2 932|
|Drivers Licence||R2 174|
|Reduced Price/ Business theft||
|Education/ Qualification||R1 800|