The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country divided into ten provinces which are then divided up into districts, and then by municipalities. This is mostly due to previous war efforts that the country has gone through. Zimbabwe has gone through political turmoil and civil unrest for decades, and has been a repeat offender for violating the basic human rights of its citizens. The political structure of Zimbabwe is a republic, but they have a semi-presidential system of government with an upper Senate and a lower House of Assembly that has a President as the head of the country.
The current President of Zimbabwe is Robert Mugabe, he was born on February 21, 1924, in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). He was the son of a village carpenter and was trained as a teacher in a Roman Catholic mission school. After mission school, Mugabe went into nationalist politics while he was a student at the University College of Fort Hare, South Africa.
Robert Mugabe completed his economics degree in 1958 but kept on teaching in a school in Ghana until 1960. He also taught at St. Mary’s Teacher Training College where he met his first wife, Sarah Heyfron. The became friends and later married in 1961.
Robert Mugabe returned to Rhodesia in 1960, and in 1963 he helped the Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole to form the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) but his political career actually began when he joined the National Democratic Party, which then became the Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU). He was there for a while before he founded the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU). The two parties, ZAPU and ZANU clashed, which resulted in the party’s leaders, and Robert Mugabe serving a time in jail.
After serving ten years in jail, Robert Mugabe was voted leader of ZANU, before forming a militant fraction of the party. Robert Mugabe was later elected Prime Minister of the first government of Zimbabwe, with ZANU winning the majority of the seats in the new Parliament, and under his rule the two feuding political parties formed the conjoined Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF).
Robert Mugabe abolished the position of Prime Minister in 1987, and assumed the position of President of Zimbabwe, and has held this position for over three decades. With all these, it seems that there’s no more to be known but with an enigma like Mugabe, we have fished out 9 very interesting facts that most people still don’t know about him.
9 Fascinating Things You Didn’t Know About Robert Mugabe
– The very first unknown fact about President Robert Mugabe is that while he was incarcerated in Wha Wha prison, then the Sikombela, and then finally Salisbury prison where he served the majority of his prison sentence, he earned two law degrees; a BSc, Bachelor of Law and MSc Master of Law. He earned these degrees from the University of London’s external program.
– Besides these degrees, Mugabe has earned thirteen Honorary LLD, D. Com and D. Tech degrees, with three of the LLD degrees revoked.
– Another, is the fact that Mugabe is religious. Born near the Kutama Jesuit Mission, he grew up in a religious household. Both of his parents were Roman Catholic, he studied in Marist Brothers and Jesuit schools, including the exclusive Kutama College.
– While serving as Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe allowed thousands of Matabeleland natives to be killed, due to political tensions between him and his opposing political party, which resulted in the formation of the one big Zimbabwean political party – but not without the cost of over 20,000 lives.
– President Robert Mugabe was awarded Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Bath in 1994 by Queen Elizabeth II for improving relations between Britain and Zimbabwe, but this was revoked in 2008 due to his abuse of the basic human rights of his citizens, and his total disregard for the democratic process which his presidency has ruled over. So, on 25 June 2008, the Queen of England cancelled and annulled the honorary knighthood after advice from the Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom. “This action has been taken as a mark of revulsion at the abuse of human rights and abject disregard for the democratic process in Zimbabwe over which President Mugabe has presided”
– Robert Mugabe has been viewed as being racist towards white people and targeting white citizens in various ways. Along with this, due to his religious views, he’s opposed to LGBT rights in Zimbabwe, banning homosexual acts within the country, and stating that homosexuals were “worse than dogs and pigs”.
– According to CNN reports, on February 2010, Mugabe celebrates his 86th birthday with a lavish party, costing a reported $300,000.
– On December 17, 2010, Mugabe threatened to seize all Western-owned investments in Zimbabwe unless their governments remove targeted sanctions imposed on him and his senior party members.
– Lastly, though he is known internationally for being cruel and tyrannical towards his people, the country of Zimbabwe has a 90% literacy rate – the highest for any African country as of 2008. This is due largely to Robert Mugabe’s passion for education, and his past history for learning to become a teacher and teaching fellow inmates how to read while he was incarcerated.
Robert Mugabe Quotes
“The only white man you can trust is a dead white man.”
“The white man is not indigenous to Africa. Africa is for Africans. Zimbabwe is for Zimbabweans.”
“I have died many times. I have actually beaten Jesus Christ because he only died once.”
“We don’t mind having sanctions banning us from Europe. We are not Europeans.”
“So, Blair keep your England, and let me keep my Zimbabwe.”
“The land is ours. It’s not European and we have taken it, we have given it to the rightful people… Those of white extraction who happen to be in the country and are farming are welcome to do so, but they must do so on the basis of equality.”
“We are no longer going to ask for the land, but we are going to take it without negotiating.”
“Our party must continue to strike fear in the heart of the white man, our real enemy!”
“We of Africa protest that, in this day and age, we should continue to be treated as lesser human beings than other races.”
“In most recent times, as the West started being hostile to us, we deliberately declared a Look East policy.”
“We are not hungry… Why foist this food upon us? We don’t want to be choked. We have enough.”