On 7 May 2014, South Africa held its general election and elected a new National Assembly as well as new provincial legislatures. This is the first election held since the iconic and revolutionary Nelson Mandela died in December last year. It is also the fifth election that South Africa has had under the universal adult suffrage conditions since the apartheid era came to an end in 1994. The South Africa’s National Assembly election results key facts follow the happenings of the election and its analysis afterwards. Take a look
South Africa’s National Assembly Election Results – Key Facts
1. There were 29 political parties that participated in the general election and 13 of them garnered enough votes from the citizens to allow them to get representation in parliament in the National Assembly.
2. The ruling party, African National Congress, won the election but their numbers are not at par with their previous numbers in the 2009 election. Their majority went down to 65.9% from 62.1% winning 249 seats as compared to the 264 seats they had won in 2009.
3. Congress of the People better known as COPE is the biggest loser in the just concluded elections. The party made its debut in the National Assembly in 2009 garnering 30 seats but had only three seats in this year’s elections. They are followed by ANC who lost 15 seats in this year’s election.
4. There were over 25 million voters registered; 25,362,023 to be exact but the voter turnout was only 73% of those registered which translates to 18,654,457 votes cast. Of these votes 251,960 were invalid leaving 18,402,497 votes to be divided among the 29 parties that participated.
5. The National Assembly of South Africa has 400 seats to be filled and they are allocated on a basis of proportional representation. This means that the percentages that a party gains in the elections will play an important role in determining what number of seats they will get.
6. For a participating political party to get a seat in the National Assembly, it needs to get either 0.25% of the national votes cast or depending on the voter turnout, between 37,000 and 50,000 of the actual votes.
7. South Africa’s National Assembly election results key facts include a new electoral legislation that was put into practice for the first time in this year’s National Assembly election. In November 2013, the Electoral Amendment Act came into force allowing South African citizens who lived outside the country to be able to register and participate in the voting in the National Assembly election and they were able to do so. Photographing of marked ballot papers was also prohibited and this is the first time it was not done inhibiting the intimidation of voters.
New Incoming Parties
8. There are a number of parties that get a debut in the National Assembly with Economic Freedom Fighters having the best performance. The party got 1,169,259 votes which earned them 25 seats in the National Assembly. National Freedom Party, African Independent Congress and Agang South Africa also got seats in the National Assembly with 6, 2 and 1 seat respectively.
Provincial Election Results
9. In the provincial legislatures, the African National Congress won eight of the provincial legislatures. The party got 45 seats with Democratic Alliance having 10 seats and United Democratic Movement with four seats.
10. The only province that the African National Congress did not win was the Western Cape Province which DA, the party with the second highest number of seat, got. Not only did they win the provincial legislature election for this province, they also increased their majority to 59.4% from 51.5%. The first election of the National Assembly in the first non-racial election held in 1994, was won by the ANC getting 252 seats dethroning the previous governing party, the National Party which got 82 seats. Although the numbers of ANC have gone up and down over the years it has still always had the highest number. However, in 2009 they lost the two-thirds majority that they previously had and the South Africa’s National Assembly election results show that they have yet to regain it. Its swing has also gone down by 3.75% while that of the DA and the newcomer, EFF have gone up by 5.57% and 6.35% respectively.
A common factor in elections around the world is that alliances are formed usually in the months leading to the election and some of those formed before the 2014 election worked such as the merging between the Democratic Alliance and Independent Democrats party but COPE did not have the same success.