Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa in terms of population size. The city of Johannesburg is rich with mineral; it is the provincial capital of Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa. Johannesburg or short for Joburg (JHB) is a city where the trade of gold and diamond is carried out on a major scale.
The city came to life in 1884; this was when gold was discovered by Jan Gerritse Bantjes on a farm land in Witwatersrand. The discovery of gold put a major spotlight on the city and so a name and form of government organization had to be put in place.
Two years later, the city was named Johannesburg. The name was gotten from common Dutch names “Johann” and “Johannes”, which was said to have been the names of the first government official (Johannes Meyer) and the men (Christian Johannes Joubert and Johann Rissik) who surveyed the area for the best location of the city.
Soweto was once a separate city, but it eventually became part of JHB in the 1990s.
Johannesburg weather is somewhat constant all year round; summer in JHB is usually from late November to early March, which gets really hot during the day and cools off as the day goes on. Some light showers are usually experienced during the afternoon in summer, leading to a much cooler evening.
Autumn in JHB is usually from mid March to late May, during this time the temperature is usually mild during the day, with slight showers and cold nights. Winter in Johannesburg is usually from late May to early September and this is when you see a lot of western tourist flocking in. The days are usually sunny, but the nights could see to very cold temperatures.
Spring is usually from mid September to mid November, most part of spring will see to rainy days and cool nights.
Johannesburg is the economic and financial hub of South Africa, it is not just known as the only worldwide centre of commerce in Africa, but it’s also one of the world’s leading financial centres. A big boost in its economy came from mining in its early years, especially after the discovery of gold.
Joburg currently has Africa’s largest stock exchange and the container terminal at City Deep is known to be the largest dry port in the world, it is also the final destination for about 50% of cargo that arrives through the ports of Durban and Cape Town.
UJ or the University of Johannesburg; which was established on the 1st of January 2005 is one of the largest residential universities in the country. The university came into existence due to the successful merger of the Soweto and East Rand campuses of Vista University, the Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) and the Technikon Witwatersrand (TWR).
The university currently has over forty five thousand students, with nine faculties and over ninety departments. The university has four campuses spread across Johannesburg.