African National Congress – ANC

The African National Congress (ANC) is South Africa’s current ruling political party.

The ANC has been South Africa’s ruling party in the collapse of apartheid in 1994, since the Nelson Mandela’s election as President.

The ANC has remained South Africa’s dominant party since then, having won every single election from then on.

The party was founded on the 8th of January 1912 by John Dube, Sol Plaatje, Pixley ka Isaka Seme.
John Langalibalele Dube, who was the first president of the Party, was a South African philosopher, educator, political, essayist, editor, publisher, poet and novelist. He was born on the 11th of February 1871 and passed away on the 11th of February 1946.

The party was founded in Bloemfontein but it was called the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) at the time. The party name was changed to the African National Congress in 1923.

the party’s current headquarters is at Johannesburg at Luthuli House, 54 Sauer Street.
As of 2015, the party has over 769,000 registered members.

Having many wings and leagues is not out of the ordinary for a party this big.
The party’s youth wing is the ANC Youth League; while ANC Women’s League is the party’s Women’s wing.

ANC even has an ANC veterans League.

The official ANC newspaper is ANC Today which reports on ANC’s latest news and headlines.

The party’s colors are green, gold and black while the its slogan is South Africa’s National Liberation Movement.
For more information about the party, the official website is www.anc.org.za

History

As previously mentioned, the party was founded in 1912 by South African politician – John Dube as the SANNC but had the name changed to ANC in 1923.

His intention was to work towards the end of apartheid as well enabling black Africans and Mixed race Africans gain voting rights.
The political party attempted to bring an end to apartheid through peaceful and non violent protests. However, this proved as difficult as one can imagine.

The Sharpeville Massacre – an incident where 69 black South African protestors were shot at the Sharpeville police station by the South African Police – played a significant part in the declining relationship between the party and the government.

In 1960, on the 8th of April – to be exact, the ANC was banned and forced to leave South Africa by Charles Robberts Swart’s administration.
This put an end of the party’s adoption of peaceful means to combat apartheid. The Umkhonto we Sizwe (ANC’s paramilitary wing) was born and they began adopting sabotage and guerilla warfare tactics.

Umkhonto we Sizwe or MK as it is commonly called was formed primarily in response to the Sharpeville Massacre.
Quite a few members of the ANC found it necessary to begin taking violent actions since the peaceful protests hadn’t gotten them very far.

The primary focus of the MK’s sabotage and guerilla tactics were aimed at the state and the military. However, civilians were still affected by many of the MK’s bombings.

The Magoo’s bar bombing and the Church Street bombing are some of the MK’s notable attacks.
MK was integrated into the South African National Defence Force by 1994.

The ban against the ANC was lifted on the 3rd of February 1990 by the then president – F. W. de Klerk.
Imprisoned ANC leader of the time – Nelson Mandela – was released on the 11th of February 1990.

The apartheid referendum which aided the elimination of the apartheid in South Africa was passed on the 17th of March 1992.
This also permitted the ANC to run in the historic 1994 election where South African icon – Nelson Mandela became the first president of the Post apartheid country.

Key players in the ANC

Power players in the party have always been focus of the news systems and focus of the South African news headlines. This is because the ANC has always played an important part in South Africa’s past and continues to play an important part in South Africa’s present.

Some of the more significant people in the party include:
Jacob Zuma who is the African National Congress’s current leader and also the current President of South Africa
The current deputy President is Cyril Ramaphosa.

The party’s present Secretary-General is Gwede Mantashe who was the former chairperson of the SACP – South African Communist Party.
Jessie Duarte is the party’s deputy Secretary General.

The official party spokesperson in Zizi Kodwa; the national chairperson is Baleka Mbete and Zweli Mkhize is the Treasurer General.